The Rose Bowl - History
The Rose Bowl is the name of the football stadium that is located in Pasadena, California. The stadium has been hosting Rose Bowl games since it opened on October 9th, 1922. The Rose Bowl stadium can seat 91,136 spectators, making it one of the top-10 college football stadiums in terms of seating capacity. The stadium was designed by architect Myron Hunt, who was one of the most renowned architects in California at the time and worked on many cultural landmarks in the area. The design of the stadium was inspired by the Yale Bowl, a stadium on the other side of the country in New Haven, Connecticut. Incredibly enough, construction of the massive Rose Bowl Stadium took just 8 months to complete, with construction beginning in February of 1922 and completing in October of the same year.
Initially, the stadium was built in the shape of a horseshoe, with the remainder being completed into the bowl shape it is today some 6 years later. Unfortunately, thanks to the era in which it was built, one of the key problems with the Rose Bowl Stadium is the lack of parking space – having been built between a residential area and a golf course. This means Rose Bowl visitors often have to walk over a mile just to reach the stadium.
The Rose Bowl originated to increase tourism to Pasadena as an East vs West matchup between college heavyweights. The first two teams invited to participate were the powerhouse of Michigan, who at the time had a 10-0 record and had not surrendered a single point all season long. Many expected their opponents to be Cal Tech – who was also undefeated – but instead the selection committee elected to invite a 3-1-2 Stanford squad, leading to an unanswered 49 point shellacking that saw the Stanford captain request the game be ended in the third quarter, which it was. It would take another 14 years before Pasadena would take another attempt at hosting the big game.
The Rose Bowl is the only college bowl game that is included in the FIFA World Cup stadium list. It’s also one of the few venues to host multiple Super Bowls, hosting the big game for the first time in 1977 when the Oakland Raiders beat the Minnesota Vikings 32–14, as well as in 1980, 1983, 1987 and 1993 when the Dallas Cowboys beat the Buffalo Bills to earn their first championship in 15 years while handing the Bills their third consecutive Super Bowl loss. The Rose Bowl also once hosted a men’s Olympic Soccer Final – gold medal match between Brazil and France in 1984.
A cool fact about the Rose Bowl is that the names of the game’s MVP and coaches are added to the stadium’s south wall, which has been dubbed the Court of Champions. The wall features individual plaques commemorating each of the MVPs and coaches of every Rose Bowl game. Additionally, standing directly in front of the Court of Champions stands a statue of Brandi Chastain, the captain of the US Women’s soccer team that won the 1999 FIFA World Cup.
Here are some additional key moments from the Rose Bowl's prolific past that has spanned more than 100 years.
- 1922- the Rose Bowl opens with a capacity of about 57,000 seats.
- 1923- first Rose Bowl game (USC defeats Penn State 26-0)
- 1925- Notre Dame makes its only Rose Bowl appearance.
- 1929- Roy “Wrong Way” Riegels earns his nickname at the Rose Bowl after picking up a fumble and returning it 65 yards in the wrong direction.
- 1973- construction of upper decks at Rose Bowl stadium begins. This renovation results in an increased capacity of 72,000 seats.
Rose Bowl Game Details
The Rose Bowl originally hosted the Big Ten Conference champion vs. the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) champion, but beginning with the 1949 game, it has hosted the champions of the Big Ten and Pac-12 conferences (or their designated replacement teams).
The Rose Bowl is one of the six bowl games that rotate hosting the two College Football semifinal games. The winners of those games then play in the National Championship Game. The other five biggest bowl games today include:
- – Allstate Sugar Bowl: Played at Caesars Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana.
- – Capital One Orange Bowl: Played at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida.
- – Cotton Bowl Classic: Played at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas.
- – Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl: Played at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia.
- – PlayStation Fiesta Bowl: Played at State Farm Stadium (originally University of Phoenix Stadium) in Glendale, Arizona.
The Rose Parade
The Rose Parade, alternatively known as the Tournament of Roses Parade or the Tournament of Roses, is an annual parade hosted yearly ahead of the Rose Bowl game. The parade takes place in Pasadena, Los Angeles and features floats (generally ones covered in flowers), marching bands, and horses (the first motor-driven floats didn’t appear in the parade until 1920). It is estimated that some 18 million flowers are used annually to cover the floats. But it is not just roses that appear in the parade, with orchids, carnations, and irises also being popularly featured.
To help keep the float-covering flowers stay fresh until the day of the parade, the decorating takes place indoors in “float barns” around Pasadena, which viewers can visit ahead of the parade. To get everything ready in time, nearly 1000 volunteers offer their assistance, many of them working 12+ hours a day in the days leading up to the parade. Once the parade has been completed, the floats are left parked in a nearby location so that visitors can continue to admire them, after which time the flowers are composted to help begin the process all over again for the following year.
The Rose Bowl football game generally takes place immediately following the parade, though the parade itself has been forced to cancel for 3 years during World War II, as well as in 2021 thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The first Rose Parade actually precedes the big game, making its inaugural launch in 1890. In fact, crazily enough, the Rose Bowl football game was instituted as a way to help fund the parade.
Rose Bowl Flea Market
The Rose Bowl Flea Market is one of the largest markets of its kind anywhere in the world, hosting an estimated 2,500 vendors and 20,000 shoppers each month. The market takes place just outside the Rose Bowl stadium, with the stands being set up to look like a huge tailgate party. However, unlike the Rose Bowl game – which takes place just once a year – the Rose Bowl Flea Market can be found running on the second Sunday of every month, all year long.
The prices for attending the flea market range from $10-$20 depending on how early a ticket is purchased, and include access to vendors featuring furniture and antiques, vintage clothing, and arts and crafts. The market has become an incredibly popular destination for vloggers, with hours of footage available for viewing on YouTube and similar platforms.
Not Just Another Game
The Rose Bowl game has been played annually for over a hundred years, making it the oldest college bowl game and historically the most prestigious. It is also one of the six bowl games today that can help determine the college football national champion.
Last season, the 2021 Rose Bowl was held on January 21st between the Alabama Crimson Tide and the Notre Dame Fighting Irish, with Alabama securing a comfortable win via a final score of 31-14. That game included a number of players who quickly became household names for NFL fans, including eventual New England Patriots starter Mac Jones’ – who threw 4 touchdown passes in Pasadena, 3 of which went to now Philadelphia Eagles wide receiver DeVonta Smith – as well as running back Najee Harris who gained 125 yards in the big game and immediately found a starring role in the Pittsburgh Steelers backfield the following season. But while Alabama is the most recent Rose Bowl winner, they are far from its most prolific champion.
That honor goes to the University of Southern California (USC), which has won an astounding 25 Rose Bowl games during its storied history. Other teams with great bowl results include:
- Michigan (8)
- Ohio State (8)
- Stanford (7)
- Washington (7)
- UCLA (5)
Where To Watch The 2022 Rose Bowl
The 108th Rose Bowl Game will be held on January 1, 2022. The game will feature a traditional matchup of teams from the Big Ten and Pac-12. The 2022 Rose Bowl game time is scheduled for 5pm ET (2pm PT) on ESPN. It will be the 108th edition of the Rose Bowl Game and will be one of the bowl games concluding the 2021 college football season.
If you have a TV or a cable subscription, you can watch the entire 2022 Rose Bowl game on TV for free. Those without a cable subscription can live stream the game via computer, tablet, smartphone, or television with a compatible streaming device and any service that includes ESPN.
To stream the Rose Bowl game on ESPN, simply open your selected browser, head to ESPN.com and verify your satellite or cable subscription if required. Some other services that allow football fans to live-stream the Rose Bowl include: DirecTV Stream, DISNEY PLUS, ESPN PLUS, FUBOTV, HULU+ LIVE, SLING TV, and YOUTUBE. Most of the services offer a free trial to get you started.
Rose Bowl Stats & Records
Unsurprisingly, the college team that has participated in the most Rose Bowls is USC, having played the game 34 times en route to their 25 championships. The remainder of the list includes Michigan (20), Stanford (15), Ohio State (15), Washington (15), and UCLA (12). However none of these teams were responsible for the most point ever scored in the Rose Bowl, that distinction going to Oregon who in 2015 beat Florida State by a score of 59-20.
Strangely enough, none of the teams listed above were involved in the highest scoring game either, with that coming in 2018 when Georgia and Oklahoma combined to put up 102 points in a game Georgia eventually won 54-48. However, the Michigan Wolverines do have the distinction of owning the two largest margins of victory in Rose Bowl game history, beating Stanford in 1902 and USC in 1948, both by a whopping 49 points.
Meanwhile, the most passing yards in Rose Bowl history came in 1995 when Oregon’s Danny O’Neil threw for 456 yards vs. Penn State, while the most rushing yards in Rose Bowl history came in 1980 when USC’s Charles White galloped for 247 yards (39 attempts, 1 TD) in a matchup against Ohio State.
More recently, Stanford’s Christian McCaffrey gained an incredible 368 yards against Iowa in 2016, setting the all-purpose yards Rose Bowl record in the process. A year later in 2017, Sam Darnold set the record for total offense in a Rose Bowl game, putting up 453 passing yards and 20 rushing yards (473 total) as USC beat Penn State.
Darnold also set the Rose Bowl passing touchdown record in that same game, accounting for 5 touchdowns en route to a Rose Bowl game score of 33-23 in favor of USC. Darnold earned Rose Bowl Game MVP honors for his efforts and went on to be drafted third overall by the New York Jets before being traded to the Carolina Panthers ahead of the 2021 season.
How to bet on the Rose Bowl?
If you want to bet on the Rose Bowl, you’re going to need to know a few things. First, there is a point spread in almost every major sport, including college football. If you bet on the underdog using the spread (say +7), even if the team loses the game outright, you will still win the bet as long as they lose by 6 or fewer points. If they were to lose by exactly 7 points, you will likely have a “push” and get your bet back, though you should double check with your sportsbook to make sure that’s the case.
Another way to get in on the action is to bet on who will win the game outright. This is known as a moneyline bet and can come with pretty extreme odds depending on how lopsided the matchup is perceived to be.
A third betting format is what’s known as an “over-under” (or O/U). This is when you bet on whether the teams combined will score more or less than a certain number of points.
A final type of bet is known as a “prop bet,” which is a bet on one of many secondary sidebets such as which player will rush for the most yards, how many interceptions either quarterback will throw and even which team will win the coin toss.
Of course, one thing to keep in mind when betting sports is that you should never bet more than you can afford to lose. Sports betting is always risky since at the end of the day, no matter how big of a favorite a team is, or how sure you are of an upcoming upset, even the best sports bettors only win about 60% of the time. So practice good bankroll management, bet no more than 1%-5% of your total bankroll on any one bet, and most importantly make sure you’re having fun doing it (otherwise what’s even the point?).
To get in the action and bet on the Rose Bowl, first find a sportsbook that offers its services in your area. The Winning Poker Network (flagship site Americas Cardroom) is one such example for both American and international bettors. Once you’ve selected your sportsbook, simply sign up using the registration form, fund your account via PayPal, bank transfer, or even through the use of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, or Litecoin and place your selected bet.
One word of advice, when signing up at a new online gaming site, make sure to only do so on one that offers an attractive First Deposit Bonus. For example, Americas Cardroom offers an impressive welcome bonus of 100% up to $2,000, which you can use in the attached poker room.
The Rose Bowl: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Here are the results of the Rose Bowl games for the last 25 years:
- 2022: Ohio State 48, Utah 45
- 2021: Alabama 31, Notre Dame 14
- 2020: Oregon 28, Wisconsin 27
- 2019: Ohio State 28, Washington 23
- 2018: Georgia 54, Oklahoma 48 (2OT)
- 2017: USC 52, Penn State 49
- 2016: Stanford 45, Iowa 16
- 2015: Oregon 59, Florida State 20
- 2014: Michigan State 24, Stanford 20
- 2013: Stanford 20, Wisconsin 14
- 2012: Oregon 45, Wisconsin 38
- 2011: TCU 21, Wisconsin 19
- 2010: Ohio State 26, Oregon 17
- 2009: USC 38, Penn State 24
- 2008: USC 49, Illinois 17
- 2007: USC 32, Michigan 18
- 2006: Texas 41, USC 38
- 2005: Texas 38, Michigan 37
- 2004: USC 28, Michigan 14
- 2003: Oklahoma 34, Washington State 14
- 2002: Miami 37, Nebraska 14
- 2001: Washington 34, Purdue 24
- 2000: Wisconsin 17, Stanford 9
- 1999: Wisconsin 38, UCLA 31
Note that the Rose Bowl is played annually on January 1st (or January 2nd if January 1st is a Sunday), except in years when January 1st falls on a Sunday, in which case it is played on January 2nd.
The Rose Bowl is one of the oldest and most prestigious college football bowl games in the United States, and it has a long and rich history that dates back to 1902. Here are some of the reasons why the Rose Bowl is so popular:
- Tradition: The Rose Bowl has a long and storied history, and it is steeped in tradition. The game is played every year on New Year’s Day (or January 2nd if New Year’s Day falls on a Sunday), and it is the oldest of the current bowl games.
- High-quality football: The Rose Bowl is one of the premier college football bowl games, and it attracts some of the best teams in the country. The game usually features top-ranked teams from the Pac-12 and Big Ten conferences, and it is known for producing exciting and high-scoring games.
- Pageantry: The Rose Bowl is more than just a football game. It is a week-long celebration that includes parades, band performances, and other events. The game is also known for its elaborate pregame and halftime shows, which often feature marching bands, floats, and other entertainment.
- National audience: The Rose Bowl is broadcast on national television, which means that millions of people around the country tune in to watch the game. This exposure helps to make the game more popular and gives it a national profile.
Players who win the Rose Bowl receive several rewards and benefits, both tangible and intangible. Here are some of the things that players may receive for winning the Rose Bowl:
- Championship Rings: Players on the winning team typically receive championship rings to commemorate their victory. These rings are usually custom-designed and feature the team’s name, the Rose Bowl logo, and other relevant details.
- Trophies: The winning team is presented with the Rose Bowl trophy, which is a large silver cup that is awarded to the game’s champion. The players may also receive individual trophies or awards for outstanding performances during the game.
- Bowl Gifts: Players on both teams receive a variety of gifts from the Rose Bowl committee, which can include items like apparel, electronics, and other souvenirs.
- Bowl Week Events: Players and coaches from both teams are treated to a variety of events during the week leading up to the game. These events can include visits to local attractions, meals, and other activities.
- Future Opportunities: Winning the Rose Bowl can also help players and coaches in their future careers. A victory in the Rose Bowl can boost a player’s draft stock, while coaches who win the game may be considered for higher-profile jobs or receive bonuses and incentives.
It’s worth noting that the specific rewards and benefits that players receive can vary depending on the school and conference they represent, as well as the policies of the Rose Bowl committee.
In terms of history and prestige, the Rose Bowl is generally considered to be bigger than the Orange Bowl. The Rose Bowl is one of the oldest and most prestigious bowl games in college football, with a history that dates back to 1902. It is often referred to as “The Granddaddy of Them All” and is known for its tradition, pageantry, and high-quality football.
The Orange Bowl, on the other hand, is also a prestigious bowl game with a long history, but it is generally considered to be slightly less prestigious than the Rose Bowl. The Orange Bowl was first played in 1935 and has a tradition of featuring top teams from the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) and other top programs.
That being said, both the Rose Bowl and the Orange Bowl are major bowl games that are highly regarded by college football fans and players alike. The specific significance and prestige of each bowl can vary from year to year depending on the teams and circumstances involved.
The largest college football stadium in the United States is Michigan Stadium, also known as “The Big House.” Michigan Stadium is located on the campus of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and has a seating capacity of 107,601.
Michigan Stadium was built in 1927 and has been the home of the Michigan Wolverines football team ever since. The stadium has undergone several renovations over the years to improve and expand its facilities, but it has retained its original bowl-shaped design.
The size of college football stadiums can vary widely, and there are many other large stadiums throughout the country. Some of the other notable large stadiums include Beaver Stadium at Penn State University (seating capacity of 106,572), Neyland Stadium at the University of Tennessee (seating capacity of 102,455), and Tiger Stadium at Louisiana State University (seating capacity of 102,321).
There have been many players who have won the Most Valuable Player (MVP) award in the Rose Bowl over the years. Here are the players who have won the award in the last five Rose Bowl games:
- 2022: C.J. Stroud, Ohio State quarterback
- 2021: DeVonta Smith, Alabama wide receiver
- 2020: Justin Herbert, Oregon quarterback
- 2019: Dwayne Haskins, Ohio State quarterback
- 2018: Sony Michel, Georgia running back
It’s worth noting that the MVP award is typically given to a player who has made a significant impact on the game and helped lead his team to victory. The award is selected by a panel of media members and other officials who attend the game, and it is often a highly coveted honor among college football players.
The most prestigious college bowl game is a matter of debate, as there are several bowl games that are considered to be highly prestigious and significant in college football. However, there are a few bowl games that are generally considered to be among the most prestigious and important:
- The Rose Bowl: Is played annually in Pasadena, California, and is one of the oldest and most iconic bowl games in college football. It has a long tradition of featuring top teams from the Pac-12 and Big Ten conferences, and it is often considered to be the “granddaddy of them all” when it comes to college football bowl games.
- The Sugar Bowl: Played annually in New Orleans, Louisiana, is another historic and prestigious bowl game that has been played since 1935. It traditionally features top teams from the SEC and other major conferences, and it is known for its festive atmosphere and high-profile matchups.
- The Orange Bowl: Played annually in Miami, Florida, is one of the oldest and most prestigious bowl games in college football. It traditionally features top teams from the ACC and other major conferences, and it has a long history of hosting some of the most memorable moments in college football history.
- The Cotton Bowl: Is played annually in Arlington, Texas, is another prestigious bowl game that has been played since 1937. It traditionally features top teams from the Big 12 and other major conferences, and it is known for its high-scoring matchups and exciting finishes.
It’s worth noting that there are many other bowl games that are highly regarded and significant in college football, and the specific prestige and importance of each bowl game can vary depending on the year and the teams involved.
The smallest college football stadium in the United States is the Robert W. Plaster Stadium, located on the campus of Missouri State University in Springfield, Missouri. The stadium has a seating capacity of 17,500 and is home to the Missouri State Bears football team.
There are several other small college football stadiums throughout the country, with seating capacities ranging from a few thousand to around 20,000. These smaller stadiums are often located at smaller colleges and universities or at schools with less prominent football programs. Despite their smaller size, these stadiums can still provide an exciting and intimate atmosphere for fans and players alike.
The title of the oldest college football stadium in the United States is a bit of a contested one, as different stadiums can lay claim to the title depending on the criteria used. However, here are a few stadiums that are often considered to be among the oldest:
- Harvard Stadium: located on the campus of Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is often considered to be the oldest stadium in college football. It was built in 1903 and has been in continuous use ever since, hosting football games and other events over the years.
- Franklin Field: located on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is another stadium that is often cited as one of the oldest in college football. It was built in 1895 and has hosted numerous football games, as well as other sporting events and concerts.
- Michie Stadium: located on the campus of the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, is another stadium that can lay claim to being one of the oldest in college football. It was built in 1924 and has hosted football games and other events for nearly a century.
It’s worth noting that there are other stadiums throughout the country that are also quite old and have a rich history in college football, including the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut and the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California.
Editor-in-Chief of the Big Blind, a prominent gambling industry publication, brings 30+ years of journalism experience to his role. His vision emphasizes clarity, accessibility, and responsible journalism, making the Big Blind a trusted source in the online gambling sector.